Home Medications and Treatments for Abrasions and Cuts
Abrasions and Cuts are some of the most common injuries from which you will suffer. Wounds to the skin are common in children who are prone to frequently injuring their hands, knees and elbows. Many of these injuries are not usually serious and will heal without medical care if the wounds are kept clean. The healing of abrasions does not leave scars.
Deeper abrasions, also called lacerations or cuts, are usually accompanied with bleeding, and the amount of bleeding depends on the severity of the wound. Cuts look like lines on the skin with even edges. Minor cuts can be successfully treated at home, but deeper cuts require medical intervention and may require stitches.
Layers of the skin are removed when an abrasion is experienced and this exposes the tender underlying tissue. Several nerve endings are also exposed and this is what causes the pain. Abrasions do not result in excessive bleeding, but some surface bleeding may be observed. The usual symptoms include local pain, bleeding, bruising, sometimes swelling and reddening
Cuts often result in bleeding because the blood vessels that are present in the skin become ruptured. Cuts are sometimes deep enough to expose the underlying muscle tissue and bones and such cuts require immediate professional help.
Although cuts and abrasions, are not life-threatening, they can become infected, resulting in serious complications. The signs of infection are: reddening, swelling, warmth in the affected area, and presence of pus in the wound.
Abrasions typically occur when the skin rubs against rough surfaces and cuts occur when deeper layers of the skin are slashed. Individuals who often experience abrupt awkward movements, such as children, are more susceptible to experiencing scrapes and cuts. As children grow up, their fine motor skills improve and they gain a better control, the risk of abrasions decreases. Consequently, the risk of obtaining abrasions and cuts is reduced as the child ages.
The risk of obtaining abrasions and cuts increases during advanced pregnancy because maintaining balance becomes difficult. The natural aging process increases the risk as the brain slows down and causes limb movements to be shaky. Being careless and taking risks also increases the risk. An active lifestyle and a love of outdoor and extreme sports also lead to frequent scrapes and gashes.
Abrasions and cuts are easy to treat at home because of their non-serious nature. A clean and infection-free wound will heal much faster than a neglected dirty wound. Therefore, care must be taken to clean abrasions and cuts first before applying any ointment or medication. An easy way to clean abrasions is to use a mild soap and water. Antiseptic soaps can also be used. Pat the wound dry before proceeding to use a remedy. Ice-packs can also be used for immediate relief. A Tetanus injections may be required to prevent infections, particularly if the abrasion or cut was caused by an iron surface. Consult a physician for the treatment of deeper wounds.
The steps in treating skin wounds are:
1. Clean the affected area to get rid of dirt (mild soap and water). This is extremely important to avoid infection that can cause further complications.
2. Applying an antiseptic lotion or cream to avoid infection (alcohol can be a good substitute in this case);
3. Stopping the bleeding by putting a clean bandage or cloth and pressing it to the wound; dressing can be changed several times before the bleeding stops;
Common Ingredients used for treating Abrasions
Aloe Vera is a common hme remedy for treating skin wounds. Aloe is naturally anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and soothing, it also prevents bacteria from multiplying. Wash the wound and gently apply aloe gel, or, if you have an aloe plant at home, simply break its leaf and apply the oozing gel onto the clean wound.
Leave the wound open so that it can dry and undergo scab formation. Do not remove the scab because doing so will interfere with the healing process.
Calendula is used externally and prevents infection, stops inflammation, and speeds up the healing process. Abrasions are healed faster with the help of Calendula, since this plant stimulates the production of collagen, which is necessary for covering the wounded area. Calendula is often used in cosmetic skin creams to eliminate wrinkle and for diaper rash prevention.
Apply fresh or dry comfrey root, powder or leaf, powdered, to help stop the bleeding. Fresh or dried comfrey can be applied directly over the damaged area--just keep adding additional amounts as needed. Cover with gauze, bandage lightly to hold comfrey in place and so the area can breathe.
Always clean the wound and apply a thin layer of raw honey. Cover the wound with a bandage. Honey acts as a natural painkiller and fights the germs that hasten the recovery process.
Lavender oil does not cause pain when applied and quickens the healing process. A few drops of lavender oil to the clean wound will help in healing abrasions.