Anemia or Anaemia is a common blood disorder that is experienced by numerous people all over the world. Anaemia is a condition in which the blood fails to supply the body's tissues with sufficient amounts of oxygen. This is due either to a lack of red blood cells, or to each cell containing too little of the oxygen-carrying pigment hemoglobin. Blood cells are created by the bone marrow, and normally are destroyed after about four months of life. Anaemia results when the balance of this mechanism is disturbed. Either the bone marrow produces too few blood cells, or the cells are destroyed or lost at too fast a rate. Women are more at risk of anaemia than men because they lose blood every month during their periods.
The patient usually complains of weakness, fatigue, lack of energy, and dizziness. Other symptoms include a haggard look, premature wrinkles, dull and tired looking eyes, poor memory, shortness of breath on exertion, headache, slow healing of wounds, and palpitations. The skin and mucous membranes look pale. Severely Anaemia individuals exert excess pressure on their hearts and may experience frequent palpitations. They may also suffer from heart failure.
A diminished formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow, either due to defects in the bone marrow, or due to an inadequate intake of iron, vitamins, and proteins, is one of the main causes of anaemia. Other important causes are heavy loss of blood due to injury, bleeding piles, or excessive menstruation in women. Anaemia can also occur due to a lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which is needed for digestion of iron and proteins, or Intestinal parasites or worms. Hookworms, pin worms, round worms and tape worms feed on the supply of blood as well as on the vitamins. The human body produces an average of 100 million new Red Blood Cells daily with each Red Blood Cell having a lifespan of approximately 120 days. Healthy individuals will have approximately five million Red Blood Cells in every milliliter of blood and approximately 15 milligrams of hemoglobin in every 100 milliliters of blood. Any discrepancy from the normal number or size of red blood cells in the blood increases an individual's susceptibility to Anaemia.
Anaemia has many natural treatments to improve the oxygen carrying capacity of blood. Some of these remedies are:
Bee pollen is a biological stimulant that increases the red blood cells in bone marrow. You should take 1 teaspoon of bee pollen daily to treat anemia.
Vitamin B12 is needed for preventing or curing anaemia. This vitamin is usually found in animal protein, especially in meats such as kidney and liver. There are, however, other equally good sources of vitamin B12 such as dairy products which also contain some B12
Soya beans is rich in iron and also has a high protein value. As most anaemic patients usually also suffer from a weak digestion, it should be given to them in a very light form, preferably in the form of milk, which can be easily digested.
Beets are very helpful in curing anaemia. Beet juice contains potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulphur, iodine, iron, copper, carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins B1, B2, B6, niacin, and vitamin P. With their high iron content, beets help in the formation of red blood cells. The juice of red heel strengthens the body's powers of resistance and has proved to be an excellent remedy for anaemia, especially for children and teenagers, where oilier blood-fanning remedies have failed.
Almonds contain copper to the extent of 1.15 mg per 100 gm. The copper along with iron and vitamins, acts as a catalyst in the synthesis of hemoglobin. Almonds are, therefore, a useful remedy for anaemia. Seven almonds should be soaked in water for about two hours and ground into a paste after removing the thin red skin. This paste may be eaten once daily in the morning for three months,
Black sesame seeds, as a rich source of iron, are valuable in anaemia. After soaking one teaspoon of the seeds in warm water for a couple of hours, they should be ground and strained, and then mixed with a cup of milk and sweetened with jaggery or sugar. This emulsion should be given to patients suffering from anaemia.
Honey is remarkable for building hemoglobin in the body. This is largely due to the iron, copper, and manganese contained in it.
Lettuce is another effective remedy for this ailment as it contains a considerable amount of iron. It can, therefore, be used as a good tonic food for anaemia. The iron in it is easily absorbed by the body.
Spinach: This leafy vegetable is a valuable source of high grade iron. After its absorption, it helps in the formation of hemoglobin and red blood cells. It is thus beneficial in building up the blood, and in the prevention and treatment of anaemia.
1. Eat more iron rich foods. The very best sources of iron that is easily absorbed by the human body are:
2. Vitamin C improves iron absorption. Have a glass of fresh orange juice with your breakfast which could contain egg, the breakfast cereals, or a bit of fried liver.
3. You also need folic acid to assist in preventing anaemia. Folic acid is mainly found in green leafy vegetables, and you can also obtain a supplement if necessary.
4. Iron supplementation may help a lot. Iron sulphate tablets such as ferrous sulphate, taken in a dose of 300mg three times a day, are recommended. A dose of 300mg once or twice a day may be effective for prophylaxis of mild iron deficiency.
There are several other foods which are rich sources of iron and can be used beneficially in the treatment of anaemia. The more important of these are bananas, black grapes, plums, strawberries, raisins, onions, squash, carrots, radish, celery, and tomatoes.