- Category: Lung Cancer
Home Medications and Treatments for Lung Cancer
Lung Cancer or Carcinoma of Lung or Bronchogenic carcinoma or Cancer of Lung is one of the most common cancers in the world. Cancer of Lung is the leading cause of cancer death in the U.S. Cigarette smoke contains a number of carcinogens which can precipitate Lung Cancer. High levels of pollution, radiation and asbestos dust exposure may also increase risk. More men and women, usually between the ages of 70 and 79, die of lung cancer than any other cancer.
Jump to - Symptoms, Causes , Treatment and Prevention
Common symptoms of lung cancer include "A cough that doesn't go away and gets worse over time, constant chest pain, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, wheezing, or hoarseness, repeated problems with pneumonia or bronchitis, swelling of the neck and face, loss of appetite or weight loss, and fatigue".
Smoking is the main risk factor for lung cancer and is responsible for nearly 9 out of 10 cases (86%). The longer you have smoked and the more you smoke, the greater the likelyhood you will get lung cancer. If you stop smoking before cancer cells develop, lung tissue that has been damaged by smoking will start to repair itself. Overtime an ex-smoker's risk for getting lung cancer will decrease. Cigar smoking and pipe smoking are almost as likely to cause lung cancer as cigarette smoking.
Even secondhand smoke, the kind inhaled from nearby smokers, can cause lung cancer. Nonsmokers who are married to smokers have a 30% greater risk of developing lung cancer than spouses of nonsmokers.
Living in an environment with high air pollution or working with radioactive minerals or asbestos can also increase the risk of cancer. Research has helped us to understand how these risk factors produce certain changes in the DNA of lung cells. These changes cause the cells to grow abnormally and form cancers.
There are many types of Lung cancer. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in different ways and is treated differently. Treatment also depends on the stage, or how advanced it is. Treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC): Makes up almost 20% of all Lung Cancer. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): Is the most common and it accounts for about 80% of Lung Cancer conditions. This cancer type is categorized further: Adenocarcinomas (50% of NSCLC cases), Bronchioloalveolar Carcinoma (comes from the wall around the alveolar), Squamous Cell Carcinomas (30% of NSCLC cases), and Large Cell Carcinomas (not common).
Healthy eating habits seem to help protect you from lung cancer. Fresh fruit and vegetables may help to prevent cancer because they contain chemicals that help to prevent cell damage. It was thought that the antioxidant vitamins A, C and E helped to reduce the risk of lung cancer, but the evidence for this is not clear. But there is now strong evidence that flavonoids, found in many fruits and vegetables, do help to reduce lung cancer risk. But changing your diet will not reduce your risk of lung cancer much if you carry on smoking. The most important thing by far is to stop smoking. According to a recent World Health Organization (WHO) report, eating the equivalent of at least four cups of vegetables and fruits a day could reduce lung cancer worldwide by 12 percent.
Researchers have looked into whether taking extra vitamin E and beta carotene may help stop smokers getting lung cancer. The body uses beta carotene to make vitamin A. Early results suggest that vitamin supplements do not help to prevent lung cancer. They may even be harmful in smokers or people who have been exposed to asbestos in the past. Another similar substance to beta carotene, called beta cryptoxanthin, is found in fruits such as oranges and mangoes. It may lower lung cancer risk, but we don't know how it affects smokers yet.
Studies show that higher levels of physical activity may lead to a 20 to 40% reduction in lung cancer risk. This includes activity at work, in the household, and leisure activity, such as walking or golf. One study has shown that that more vigorous exercise such as workouts, cycling or jogging may be more helpful in reducing lung cancer risk. Not all studies have measured the impact of smoking but it seems that the benefit of physical activity is greater for smokers. Research into this area is continuing.
In 2010, a review of the randomised trials looking into whether aspirin can protect people from a number of health conditions found that taking aspirin everyday for at least 5 years reduced the risk of dying from lung cancer. You should not take aspirin regularly without checking with your doctor first though. Drugs like aspirin can damage the lining of your stomach and may cause bleeding.
Health Disclaimer: The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any health problems or illnesses without consulting your pediatrician or family doctor.